Endodontics performs procedures that include endodontic therapy also known as root canal therapy and are one of the most common procedures. Endodontic retreatment, surgery, treating cracked teeth, and treating dental trauma.
If the dental pulp becomes diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.
An opening is made through the back of a front tooth or the crown of a molar or premolar-access opening.
The diseased pulp is removed and the pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned, enlarged, and shaped in preparation for being filled BMP or BIOMECHANICAL PREPARATION.
BMP in RCT stands for Bio-Mechanical Preparation. In this step pulp tissue is removed from the root canal, followed by shaping of the canal, done by using rotary endodontic instruments.
If necessary a temporary filling is placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth between dental visits. The temporary filling is removed and the root canals are permanently filled. A tapered, rubbery material called gutta-percha is inserted into each of the canals and is often sealed into place with cement OBTURATION.
In the end, a cap is preferably placed over the tooth to restore its natural shape and appearance CROWN.